Tyre labelling

On the first of November 2012, European eco-labelling regulations (Regulation (EC) no. 1222/2009) will come into force, requiring compulsory labelling of all new tyres manufactured after 1 July 2012 and sold in EU and EEA member states, Switzerland and other countries that have voluntarily adopted such regulations.

Starting from this date, all class C1 (car tyres) and C2 tyres (light truck tyres) must be fitted with a label providing information on these three objective parameters of the tyre:

• fuel efficiency

• wet grip

• noise emission


For the above-written classes (C1, C2) and for the C3 class (heavy truck tyres), the suppliers are required to indicate the category related to the mentioned parameters on the technical and promotional items and their websites.


This initiative is aimed at increasing tyre safety and environmental and cost efficiency, allowing tyre fitters and customers to make more informed decisions based on additional information provided together with the product.


Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency is essentially determined based on the rolling resistance coefficient (RRC), and is classified according to scale from A to F, from more to less fuel efficient (D: not used).

Due to the weight of the vehicle, tyres are subject to deformations at the point of contact with the road, dispersing energy in the form of heat. Consequently, the greater such deformations, the higher vehicle fuel consumption and COX emissions will be. Due to rolling resistance, in fact, tyres account for 20 to 30 % of fuel consumption. A reduction in tyre rolling resistance can therefore make a significant contribution to transport energy efficiency, in fact a class A tyre can reduce fuel consumption by ~ 10% compared to a class F tyre.

The class D is not used.



Wet grip

This category is determined based on how well the tyre grips in the wet, according to a scale from A to F, from shorter to longer braking distances.

The better the grip, the shorter the stopping distance in the rain. 

This category has been chosen as the most important tyre safety feature; nonetheless there are other important parameters that are essential for tyre safety and that are not considered as part of this classification.

The class G is not used.

Noise emission

External rolling noise is expressed in dB(A) and divided into three classes:
low noise tyre

medium tyre
noisiest tyre


This is an important factor in reducing noise pollution, and therefore refers to the noise perceived outside of the vehicle.

It does not correlate precisely to the noise heard inside the vehicle




It must also be remembered that the new label shows fundamental parameters describing a tyre’s characteristics, yet these are not comprehensive.

Indeed, there are many other parameters that need to be kept in consideration and, in addition, effective fuel savings and road safety depend considerably on driver behaviour.
Dealers are however always the first technical point of contact for consumers.


For further information: